DOCUMENTO Íntegro

Cable en el que el presidente de Uganda considera la homosexualidad como una enfermedad

Museveni asegura que "nadie será ejecutado por sus tendencias", pero recuerda que la homosexualidad no es algo que deba ser celebrado o promovido. "No nos presionen. Ya me encargaré yo", advierte.

EL PAÍS Madrid 5 FEB 2011 - 13:52 CET
ID: 248256
Date: 2010-02-11 05:21:00
Origin: 10ADDISABABA280
Source: Embassy Addis Ababa
Classification: CONFIDENTIAL
Dunno:
Destination: VZCZCXRO0918
PP RUEHBZ RUEHDU RUEHMR RUEHPA RUEHRN RUEHTRO
DE RUEHDS #0280/01 0420521
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 110521Z FEB 10
FM AMEMBASSY ADDIS ABABA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 7717
INFO RUEHZO/AFRICAN UNION COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS PRIORITY
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RHEHAAA/NSC WASHDC PRIORITY
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RUZEFAA/HQ USAFRICOM STUTTGART GE PRIORITY
RUEPADJ/CJTF HOA PRIORITY
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 8054

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 03 ADDIS ABABA 000280

SIPDIS

DEPT FOR AF/FO, AF/RSA, AF/C, AF/E, IO/UNP, S-USSE
NSC FOR MGAVIN
LONDON FOR PLORD
PARIS FOR WBAIN

E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/06/2020
TAGS: MARR, PGOV, PREL, AU-1
SUBJECT: AU SUMMIT: MUSEVENI'S MUSINGS ON AFRICAN
CONFLICTS, FAMILY VALUES

Classified By: Ambassador Michael Battle for reasons 1.4 (b) and (d).

This message is from USAU Ambassador Michael A. Battle.

1. (U) January 31, 2010; 5:00 p.m.; Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

2. (U) Participants:

U.S.
Under Secretary Maria Otero
Assistant Secretary Johnnie Carson
NSC Senior Africa Advisor Michelle Gavin
Special Envoy Scott Gration
Special Advisor Howard Wolpe
Deputy Special Advisor Jim Yellin
USAU Ambassador Michael Battle
USAU Military Advisor Ellington (notetaker)

Uganda
President Yoweri Museveni
Foreign Minister Sam Kutesa

3. (C) Summary. In a free-ranging conversation on the margins
of the African Union (AU) Summit in Addis Ababa, Ugandan
President Museveni told the American delegation that while
the situation in Sudan is worrisome, it is not without hope.
He advised that issues like border demarcation and wealth
distribution be addressed immediately, given the likelihood
of the South becoming independent, and offered regional
assistance in building southern capacity in governance and
development. On Kenya's Jubaland Initiative in Southern
Somalia, Museveni questioned Kenya's bush-fighting
credentials and the ideological commitment of its Somali
proxies. He advised the West to pay and develop Transitional
Federal Government (TFG) fighters rather than the much more
expensive and less effective options of funding international
peacekeepers and counterpiracy operations. He pledged
continued regional oversight of Burundi's peace process as it
approaches elections this year, and promised that no Ugandan
would be executed for homosexual behavior. End Summary.

Sudan: "I want to see that general . . ."
-----------------------------------------

4. (C) In a meeting with the USG delegation, Uganda President
Yoweri Museveni discussed a range of regional developments.
On Sudan, he characterized Uganda as a "lonely frontline
state," having been abandoned in its support of the Sudan
People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) by Ethiopia and Eritrea.
Museveni thanked General Gration for touching base with him
on Sudan, and welcomed Gration's proposed visit to Uganda.

5. (C) Museveni reported that Government of South Sudan
(GOSS) President Salva Kiir is "worried." Museveni indicated
that southern independence was highly likely and advised that
contentious issues like border demarcation and wealth
distribution must be addressed immediately. Museveni
welcomed Gration's pledge that the USG will respect and
support the South's decision on independence. Whether or not
the referendum results in southern independence, Museveni
said that South Sudan must develop economically. The
Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) should play
a vital role in South Sudan's development, he said, just as
IGAD had birthed the Comprehensive Peace Agreement at
Naivasha. Museveni agreed that South Sudan lacks technical
capacity, but suggested that Uganda and other neighbors have
qualified and underemployed technocrats and bureaucrats who
could help South Sudan govern and develop. Already, Uganda
has many teachers working in South Sudan, said Museveni.

Somalia: Kenya's Jubaland Initiative
------------------------------------

6. (U) A/S Carson thanked Museveni for the sacrifices Uganda
continues to make in support of the African Union Mission in
Somalia (AMISOM), acknowledging that the TFG's success is due
in large part to Uganda's protection. Carson applauded
Uganda's training initiative for TFG troops and committed to
support the deployment of its fourth battalion.

ADDIS ABAB 00000280 002 OF 003



"Freedom fighters, not employees"
---------------------------------

7. (C) Responding to Carson's question about Kenya's proposed
Jubaland Initiative, Museveni acknowledged the operational
value of seizing Kismayo and, more broadly, denying
al-Shabaab's access to sea and airports. However, Museveni
questioned the capacity of the Kenyans to manage such an
offensive, as well as the ideological commitment of the
Somali proxy forces. Fighting, said Museveni, is foremost
ideological, especially in a stateless conflict. The Armed
Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo face a similar
challenge, said Museveni. Their problem is that they are not
fighting for a cause. Would Somali fighters participating in
the Jubaland Initiative be a liberation movement or an
extension of the Kenyan Army? Museveni characterized the
Kenyan Armed Forces as a "career army," questioning their
liberation credentials and wondering about their ability to
sustain bush fighters. "Is Kenya used to fighting like this?
Would Kenya be able to provide logistical support to its
Somali allies?"

8. (C) Carson wondered if Somali fighters sponsored by Kenya
would be loyal to the TFG, or switch allegiances to the Ahlus
Sunnah wal Jammah (ASWJ) or another group. Carson told
Museveni that the Ethiopian government originally had
concerns that a Kenyan-sponsored Somali force might
eventually shift its support to the Oromo National Liberation
Front (ONLF), but that Prime Minister Meles now seemed
comfortable there are control measures to preclude such a
force from meddling in the Ogaden.

Shabaab vs. AMISOM
------------------

9. (C) Museveni expressed hope in the fact that almost four
years hence the extremists still have not organized
themselves. Despite all the time and space, the Shabaab's
structure and capacity remain weak. They don't have deep
roots, said Museveni. They are gunmen only. Carson
countered saying that Shabaab's destructive nature had
nonetheless transformed a local problem into a regional and
international one, citing refugee flows, rampant piracy, and
safe haven for violent Islamic extremism. Museveni stated
that this situation is reversible, and that with sufficient
military force al-Shabaab can be driven from the major towns
in south-central Somalia where they would wither in the
countryside.

10. (C) Carson said the USG would continue to help build
AMISOM's capacity, and saluted Djibouti's recent troop
contribution. He solicited Museveni's assistance in getting
more African governments to pledge peacekeepers, and stated
that the USG is encouraging the AU and its partners to raise
AMISOM troop allowances to UN standards.

11. (C) Museveni pushed back saying that the international
community's money would be better spent on training and
paying the Somali National Armed Forces (SNAF) for a year.
It's cheaper than the UN, said Museveni. Plus, the Somalis
would eventually develop more ideological commitment to
liberation than would an international force. In the
meantime, the TFG must be able to pay its fighters until they
can galvanize ideologically. "How much are you spending on
ships which don't control piracy?" Spend that money instead
on developing a SNAF of 20,000 personnel, concentrating on
small unit leadership. Solve the problems on the land and
the piracy issue will go away, said Museveni.


Burundi
-------

13. (C) Wolpe commended Museveni's shepherding of the Burundi
peace process over the years, but warned of a void in
international oversight of the peace process with the
dismissal of Head of United Nations Integrated Office in
Burundi (BINUB) Youssef Mahmoud and the withdrawal of the

ADDIS ABAB 00000280 003 OF 003


South African protection mission. Wolpe also identified the
need for a facilitation mechanism should intervention be
required during the election period. Wolpe suggested that
the East African Community (EAC) might be able to partner
with Burundi in establishing such a framework. On the
positive side, Burundian President Nkurunziza wants the
maximum amount of international observers for the elections
as early as he can get them.

14. (U) Museveni admitted that he had not been closely
following events in Burundi, but promised to follow up
saying, "we'll ensure there are no problems." Museveni
identified police training as critical in the run-up to the
elections.

African Family Values
---------------------

15. (U) Carson expressed gratitude that Museveni had tamped
down the tensions surrounding Uganda's draft
anti-homosexuality bill. Both Carson and Otero encouraged
Museveni to pursue decriminalization and destigmatization of
homosexuality. Museveni warned outsiders of pushing Africa
too hard on this issue, lest it create another hurricane, and
lectured on African family values. He assured the USG
delegation that nobody in Uganda would be executed for
homosexual behavior, but explained that in the African
context homosexuality is a disorder and not something to be
promoted or celebrated. Don't push it, warned Museveni,
"I'll handle it."

Comment
-------

16. (U) Museveni was confident, amiable, and entirely lucid,
if not verbose at times. The exchange was quintessentially
Museveni as he wove wit, wisdom, scripture, and at times
gentle chastisement into his analysis of the region's
security challenges. Featuring prominently were several of
his standard themes, like the danger of Islamic extremism
penetrating Black Africa and Uganda's prominent role as a
frontline state, as well as the critical role of subregional
organizations in addressing problems and lessons in
liberation theology.

17. (U) A/S Carson has cleared this cable.
YATES

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